The Romani, not to be confused with the Romanian nation or people, are a diasporic ethnicity more widely known as “gypsies.” Throughout the world they are variously known as Rom, Roma, Romane, Cigáni and Gitano, just to name a few.
In this presentation about the Romani and the Holocaust, Ian Hancock, professor of English and linguistics at the University of Texas at Austin, and director of the Romani Studies program and the Romani Archives and Documentation Center, estimates that the Holocaust claimed anywhere between 500,000 and 1.5 million Romani lives. The Romani people refer to this tragedy as the Porrajmos, or “the Devouring.”
A Romani-born British citizen, activist, and scholar, Hancock has done more than anyone to raise awareness about the Romani people during World War II.
Watch this Library Channel presentation of Porrajmos: The Romani and the Holocaust with Ian Hancock – Holocaust Living History, a Library Channel presentation.
It began with 70 strikers.
On March 17, 1966 after a stand-off with the Delano police, Cesar Chavez led La Peregrinacíon (The Pilgrimage), a march of Delano grape strikers and volunteers onto the highway en route to Sacramento. Their goal was to meet with the governor of California to protest the hazardous working conditions of farm workers and to call attention to their struggle for union recognition. They walked nearly 340 miles in 25 days.
By Easter Sunday, the march reached Sacramento and the crowd had swelled to more than 10,000 supporters.
In this presentation of The Library Channel, The UC San Diego Library announces the purchase of the Farmworker Movement Documentation Project, an online archive containing thousands of documents related to the history of the United Farm Workers’ union and related events. A short video on the historic March to Sacramento in 1966 is shown followed by a discussion with two participants in the march: Roberto Bustos and LeRoy Chatfield, key advisors to Cesar Chávez.
Watch Cesar Chavez and the Farmworker Movement, now.