Of the many revealing stories shared in this program, one from German-born historian Frank Biess stands out. When he came to St. Louis as a college student, he was struck by the overt patriotism of Americans. As he explains, most Germans of the post-Holocaust era were so squeamish about appearing too nationalistic that they would never fly their country’s flag in front of their home because it could suggest support for the Neo-Nazis. The one notable exception? Flags were okay if the German soccer team was doing well in the World Cup.
It’s been said that jazz is one of America’s most significant and lasting cultural exports. The style that became known as jazz originated in New Orleans in the late 19th century, and grew rapidly in popularity and influence. By the beginning of the 20th century this musical genre had firmly established itself in Memphis, Kansas City, St. Louis, Chicago, New York City (specifically in Harlem) and other American cities. But it took a cataclysmic event to propel jazz “across the pond,” where it quickly established a firm foothold in the European cultural landscape.
The primary agent of that intercontinental expansion was Lieutenant James Reese Europe, a black officer and bandleader who volunteered in 1918 for service in World War I with members of his celebrated Harlem Society Orchestra. Because the U.S. Army was not yet integrated, their newly-formed 369th Regimental Band fought courageously alongside the French, who nicknamed the 369th “the Hellfighters” and awarded the Band the Croix de Guerre in recognition of their valor and contributions to morale.
In addition to their exploits on the battlefield, the Hellfighters brought jazz to several European cities — most notably to Paris, where several of the 369th’s musicians remained following the war’s end. In the ensuing decades Paris became a mecca for jazz practitioners and aficionados, as more Americans musicians emigrated to the City of Lights.
For the 19th Annual Lytle Scholarship Concert at UC San Diego, internationally renowned pianist and Department of Music Professor Emeritus Cecil Lytle is joined by a stellar array of jazz musicians from Los Angeles, San Diego and Tijuana in a concert entitled “Harlem Hellfighters: Jazz Goes to War.” Through narration and an eclectic selection of music this program relates the history of, and pays homage to, those brave soldiers and jazz ambassadors of the 369th Regimental Band.
“The music of this concert is the story of jazz,” Dr. Lytle notes, “a story of liberation ‘over there’ and back here… Not only did the Harlem Hellfighters fight for their country when they did not have equal rights at home, but they brought jazz to Paris and soon united generations of people around the world-young and old, rich and poor, black and white, friends and foes-in what would become the rhythm of the 20th century.”
Watch Harlem Hellfighters: Jazz Goes to War, a Lytle Memorial Concert.
Contributed by John Menier, Arts & Humanities Producer
We’ve heard so much about the harmful effects of sugar lately, that it may be hard to distinguish facts from fiction, and it’s left many consumers with more questions than answers. That’s a problem because, let’s face it, when we’re talking about possibly reducing something we consume (and enjoy) on a daily basis, not knowing the facts can keep us from making necessary changes in our diets.
To get the facts, health scientists at UCSF developed SugarScience.org to learn more about the latest research findings on sugar and its impact on health. Their goal? To help you make healthy choices based on clear, unbiased, scientific evidence.
So far, the evidence is clear: too much added sugar doesn’t just make us fat – it can also make us sick. Americans consume an average of 66 pounds of sugar per year. Because it’s so easily digestable, too much sugar overwhelms the liver and can lead to type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and even liver disease and failure.
“The news is hard to hear,” admits Professor Laura A. Schmidt, UCSF School of Medicine. “It’s tough stuff. Just like smoking back in the 50’s, you grew up thinking everybody does this, it’s benign. Now the scientific community is in the hard position of saying something you love and think is benign is harmful to your health.”
How much is too much? The American Heart Association recommends that we don’t exceed the following guidelines for daily added sugar intake:
Men: 9 teaspoons (36 grams)
Kids: 3-4 teaspoons (12-16 grams)
Preteens & Teens: 5 teaspoons (20 grams)
Once you start to look for added sugar, you’ll find it everywhere. SugarScience.org has uncovered 61 different names for sugar in the products we consume. Imagine my dismay when I discovered that my favorite salad exhausted my entire recommended daily allowance of sugar.
But even small changes can make a big difference.
Perhaps the simplest change you can make is to stop drinking “liquid sugar.” Sugary drinks such as sodas, sports drinks and even fruit drinks are particularly harmful. If we could eliminate sugary drinks, we’d collectively cut out 37% of our sugar consumption. And there’s evidence that artificial sweeteners inflict the same kind of damage as real sugar.
But life can still be sweet. “Added sugars” don’t include the sugars we find in fruits, berries, and vegetables. That’s because when we eat them, we also get their natural good fiber, which makes the sugar harder to digest and keeps it from overwhelming the liver.
Learn more about sugar and SugarScience.org. Watch Learn the Facts about Sugar – How Sugar Impacts Your Health today.
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UCTV Channels provide in-depth exploration of key subject areas sponsored by departments and organizations within the University of California system. Explore the Brain Channel for all things neuroscience, including an extensive collection of Alzheimer’s programs. The Career Channel can put you on the path to career success. The Library Channel explores special collections, events, author talks and more from the UC San Diego Library. And The Public Policy Channel presents policy makers, critics and thinkers, brought to you by the Goldman School of Public Policy at UC Berkeley.
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Back in 2010, while Editor at California Lawyer magazine, Marty Lasden created Legally Speaking — a series that brought us in-depth conversations with some of the most interesting lawyers in the world. Among them: Innocence Project founder Barry Scheck, Harvard law professor Alan Dershowitz, and US Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia.
Now Lasden is launching a new series for UCTV called Up Next: Perspectives on the Future of Everything. Over the coming months both he and his co-producer, lawyer/author Eric Berkowitz, will be considering “everything” from genetic engineering to Judaism to the future of work.
“The future is a really weird, and sometimes very scary place,” Lasden acknowledges. “And for so many of the topics that we’ll be discussing, the more you read, the more difficult it often is to distinguish the prophets from the crackpots.”
Consider artificial intelligence (AI), which is the subject of this month’s Up Next interview with Jeffrey Hawkins. Back in the 1990s, at a time when carrying a computer around in your pocket seemed like an entirely wacky idea, Hawkins invented the Palm Pilot, which in no small way ushered in a whole new era of mobile computing. These days, though, Hawkins is on a far more ambitious and, no doubt, audacious mission. His goal: to build a machine that can think and reason on its own by mimicking the working principles of the human brain. Of course, as wild ideas go, that one may not sound nearly as weird as it did say five years ago when a computer named Watson had yet to beat the humans on a game show called Jeopardy. But the speculation about AI hardly ends there. For example, at Google, famed futurist Ray Kurzweil believes that within a few decades the technology will be good enough to allow us to download our own minds into a machine, and by so doing achieve a kind of immortality.
Crazy talk? Perhaps. But, then again, maybe not. Tune in to Up Next to find out.